F oh?That's enoughDilemmaFor foreigners who study Italian! What are these two?ParticleWhy what do you express? How are they used? How do I know when one or the other should use? You'll find out in this article! And I'll try to do thatExplanationClear and short.
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When IC or NE in 10 minutes to be used
You don't know how to use pronoun particlesCIyEsIn Italian? Don't worry! So through someExamplesI will explain what they are, how they are used and what they express to learn to use them correctly.
What are you for?
Your headfunctionIs forsubstitutewhole words or parts of a prayer, which avoids unnecessarilyRepetition.
How are they used?
They are usually placed beforehandVerb, except if this is in theInfinitiveGiftGerundÖparticiple(In this case, they need to be placed later and form a single word).
What do you express?
These twoPronominal particlecan express different things and accept variousDutiesyMeanings!
Let's take a lookEsFirst and then run overCI!
- EsSwindlerPartial function: Shows part of much orNOMenge.remplaza"Of something"In this case, there is always a number or expression that indicates the quantity.
I take five chocolates. =EsI take five. [I'll take five chocolates. = I'll take fivefrom them.]
You know a little cake! = Tasteesa little'! [You know something cake! = Try somethingfor this!]
Many documents are missing. =EsMany are missing. [Many documents are missing. = Muchfrom themYou are lost.]
I don't want a treasure. = NoesVoglio. [I don't want a treasure. = I don't want tofor this.]
Luca has 5 brothers, but not meesI don't have. [Luca has 5 brothers, but I don't have onefrom them.]
In this case yesEsIt is used with apast participle(Hence with compound times) the past participle mustto acceptin gender and number with the noun replaced by ne.
How many bags did you bring?EstransportedAonly one.(Koffer = Singular Female)[How many bags did you bring?from them.]
How many ice cream did you eat?EsMangiatsEUThree(Ice = male plural)[How many ice cream did you eat? I ate threefrom them.]
I have many friends, but not todayesGastÖNobody.[swindler"Zero means"He only agrees in gender, but not in number][I have many friends, but I didn't invite anyfrom themHoy.]
- EsErsatzSomething /
If you ate the cookies, tell me what you thinkCookies. = If you eat the cookies, tell me thatesPensi. [When you ateOS JAWSSay what you think about cookies. = If you have eaten cookies, say what you thinkfrom them.]
I saw the horror movie, but I wasn't afraidof horror movies. = I saw the horror movie, but notesHo Avuto Paura. [I saw the horror movie, but I didn't scareof horror movies. = I saw the horror movie, but I wasn't afraidfor this.]
After the Lucrezia fire, his boss realized that he neededLucrezia. = According to Fire Lucezia, his boss realized that there wasesto need. [After saying goodbye to Lucrezia, his boss realized that he needed him to needLucreziaAfter saying goodbye to Lucrezia, his boss realized that he neededThey are.]
- We replacedSomething /
I know it's a difficult situation, but I'm sure you can leaveThis difficult situation. = I know it's a difficult situation, but I'm sure you can leavees. [I know it's a difficult situation, but I'm sure you can leaveThis difficult situation. = I know it's a difficult situation, but I'm sure you can leavefor this.]
As soon as he met Stefania, he was fascinatedVon Stefania. = As soon as he met Stefania,esI was fascinated. [As soon as he met Stefania, he was fascinatedVon Stefania. = As soon as he met Stefania, he was fascinatedfor her.]
On the other hand…
- CIIt is aReflective pronouns(For the plural in the first person:ourselves)
When we are on vacationCISveglio Semper Molto Tarded. [When we are on vacation, we always wake up too late.]
NOCILet's see for a long time, butCIWe will meet again after tomorrow. [We have not seen each other for a long time, but we will meet again after tomorrow.]
- CIIt is aPronouns of direct or indirect personnel(what it replacesusÖfor us)
Paolo accompaniedmy sister and I [us]For the airport. = PaoloCIaccompanied the airport. [Paolo tookmy sister and I[We] to the airport. = Paolo tookusto the airport.]
My grandmother always gave good adviceFor me and my cousins [an application]. = My grandmotherCIHe always gave good advice. [My grandmother always gaveMe and my cousins[For us] good advice. = My grandmother always gave us good advice.]
- CIrefers to aOrt(Replace "here", "there", "in this place", "in this place" ...)
TripIn TurinMorning. =CII will go tomorrow.[Voyand TurinMorning. = I amLeavesmorning.]
We neverAt homeSaturday night. = NoCIWe are never on Saturday night. [We never stayedheimOn Saturday night. = We never stayedHereSaturday night.]
Who were you withAll Hawaiilast year?=With whomCIYou're gone? [Who were you withA HawaiiLast year? = Who you wereIn this placeWith last year?]
- CIErsatzFor something
ThoughtAn airplane?=CIThought? [Did you thinka plan? = You already thoughtfor this?]
NOFor your words! = Don't do itCICair! [Do not observe thisFor your words! = Don't pay attention to itthey!]
In the endCook the chicken.=CIProof. [He triesto cookChicken. = Tryto do this.]
- CIErsatzIn something
He does not believeEm good?CIto believe. [Doesn't she believe?Em good? = You don't.]
Leah and WaterfallIn the joke.= LeaCIIt is fallen. [This is this computThe joke.She boughtAND.]
- CIErsatzWith someone / with something
I always speakWith my sister.=CII always speak. [I always speakWith my sister. = I always speakwith her.]
I didn't play frequentlydolls.= NrCII played frequently. [I usually didn't playdollsFrequently = I didn't playlike youoften.]
- CIErsatzIn someone / about something
I bet 10 eurosAbout this fact.=CII bet 10 euros. [I bet 10 eurosAbout this fact. = I bet on 10 eurosDarin.]
We can tellStart. = We can countCI. [We can countStart. = We can countEm.]
- CIIt is a pronoun particle associated with some verbs to form others with a different meaning (Pronominalverben). Can be added alone or with another pronoun.Examples:Define -The, I want, have, take, see you... In that case, he does not replace anything.
Go from Rome to Milan by trainCIYou want 4 hours. [4 hours are required to take the train from Rome to Milan.]
NOCII see more hungry! [I can't see the hunger anymore!]
You insulted so much thatCEYou still have with yourself! [You insulted her so much that she is still angry with you!]
NOCEI do more! [I can't do that anymore!]
At the kitchen tableCIThere are 10 dishes. [There are 10 dishes on the kitchen table.]
If you would like to receive more information about this topic, I suggest that ICI -PartikelIt's a foolIt is outsideExplicitly explicitly like and when you can use these particles in Italian! On the other hand, if you are looking for a short and clear explanation of composed pronouns.Combined pronouns in Italian.
We also recommend seeing our last book:Words ... and how to avoid them!(You won't regret it: it's a unique piece!).
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