Building Community Relationships - MN Ministry of Health (2023)

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Benefits of Community Participation
Principles of social commitment
Community Participation Model
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Involving community members in solving the problems that affect them is one of the fundamental principles of public health. The most effective way to achieve public health goals, particularly the elimination of health disparities, is to actively involve those who suffer from the problems in all aspects of their resolution. Community participation means involving community members in all activities, from identifying relevant problems and making decisions about how to address them, to evaluating and sharing results with the community.

Community involvement is a strong value and fundamental public health practice. The importance of community participation stems from the belief that the public has a right to participate. The public health community believes that by harnessing our "collective intelligence" and working together, we can more accurately identify problems and develop more elegant and effective solutions. We also believe that when people have had the opportunity to 'accept' the process, conflict is minimized.

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Community involvement is an essential part of conducting a community health assessment and community health improvement plan, both required components of the local public health assessment and planning cycle.

related chapter:Assessment, planning and reporting

Benefits of Community Participation

  • Focusing on social justice: Community wisdom and science work together to ensure a more balanced set of political, social, economic, and cultural priorities, resulting in shared resources and shared power, and therefore equity and social justice.
  • Help Design Services: Involving a wide range of community members in the early stages of a planning process will help shape services in a way that is culturally acceptable and best suited to specific needs.
  • Helps build confidence: Inviting community group leaders will help demonstrate that their participation is valued and that their views are taken into account. This can help build trust, improve communication and openness to the use of services.
  • Help with public relations.: More residents feel involved in community activities and decisions and can explain or interpret them positively to others. Disseminating knowledge through this informal approach will improve dissemination.
  • Connect people and resources: Community engagement efforts improve connections between individuals, community organizations, businesses, and churches, which in turn leads to greater community support for public health.
  • Develop new leaders: Inviting community members and community group leaders into planning processes helps identify advocates and develop leaders knowledgeable about public health issues.
  • Create an opportunity for critical reflection.: Community engagement processes provide opportunities for collaborative and shared learning experiences and critical reflection that benefit from the wisdom of the community.

Principles of social commitment

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Before you begin community engagement...

  1. Be clear about the purposes or goalsthe participation effort and the populations and/or communities you wish to involve. Those who wish to engage the community must be able to communicate to that community why their involvement is worthwhile.
  2. get knowledgeabout community culture, economic conditions, social networks, political and power structures, norms and values, demographic trends, history, and experiences with efforts by outside groups to engage them in various programs. Learn how the community perceives those who initiate participation activities. It is important to learn as much about the community as possible, both through data and by meeting with community leaders.

For a bond to form, it is necessary...

  1. Join the community, build relationships, build trust, collaborate with formal and informal leaders, and engage community organizations and leaders to create community mobilization processes. Commitment is based on community support. Positive change is more likely to occur when community members are an integral part of the development and implementation of a program.
  2. Remember and accept thisCollective self-determination is the responsibility and right of all people in a community. No external entity should assume that it can empower a community to act on its own behalf. The fact that an institution or organization fits into the community does not mean that it automatically belongs to the community. An organization belongs to the community when it is controlled by individuals or groups that are members of the community.

For engagement to work...

  1. community partnershipit is necessary to generate changes and improve health. The American Heritage Dictionary defines association as "a relationship between individuals or groups characterized by mutual cooperation and responsibility for, say, the achievement of a specific goal."
  2. All aspects of social engagement mustRecognize and respect the diversity of the community.. Awareness of a community's diverse cultures and other factors that influence diversity should be critical when planning, designing, and implementing approaches to community inclusion. Diversity can refer to economic, educational, professional, or health status, as well as differences in culture, language, race, ethnicity, age, gender, sexual identity, mobility, literacy, or personal interests.
  3. Community involvement can only be sustainedIdentify and mobilize common assets and strengthsIt isCommunity Capacity and Resource Developmentto make decisions and take action. Community members and institutions have the power and resources to create change and take action.
  4. Organizations wishing to engage a community, as well as individuals wishing to effect change, must be willing to do so.Giving control of actions or interventions to the communityand be flexible enough to meet changing needs. Ultimately, community engagement is about facilitating community-driven action.
  5. Community collaboration requiredlong term commitmentby the organization concerned and its partners. Long-term community participation and mobilization should be encouraged.

Those:CDC/ATSDR Community Involvement Committee. (2011).

Community Participation Model

There are numerous models of social engagement, civic engagement, community engagement and participation. Three examples are highlighted below.

Asset-Based Community Development Model

Asset-Based Community Development (ABCD)is a strategy developed by John McKnight and John Kretzmann that is used to discover the capabilities and resources of a community and mobilize those resources for the betterment of the community. The ABCD process focuses on a community's strengths and how those strengths can be applied to community improvement activities. For example, a typical needs analysis might ask, "What is the problem?" Rather, the ABCD paper asks, "How can our community synthesize its strengths into new combinations, new opportunity structures, new sources of revenue and control, and new opportunities?"

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According to McKnight and Kretzmann, each community has a unique combination of assets on which to build its future. One can discover in any community a great and often surprising diversity of individual talents and productive capacities, few of which are mobilized for community-building purposes.

Association for the Community Health Model

OAssociation for the Improvement of Community Healthworks to strengthen community health through education, peer networking, and dissemination of practical tools. The association brings together and supports leaders in the healthcare, public health, community and philanthropic sectors to identify and achieve common community health goals. Addresses needs in a variety of community health focus areas, including:

  • access to care: Primary and specialty care for underserved populations, insurance coverage and barriers to entry, disparities in care due to cultural and language differences, transportation, and more.
  • Prevention and treatment of chronic diseases.: Community-Based Approaches to Enabling Health and Reversing the Course of Chronic Disease.
  • community benefit: Tools and methods to improve collaborative practice in hospitals and health organizations.
  • collaborative strategies: Effective partnerships built in healthy communities to achieve real gains in community health through health system strengthening.
  • measurement and evaluation: Logic models, metrics, and scorecards to set goals, understand results, and communicate progress.

The Association for the Improvement of Community Health was conceived in 2002 as a successor to three national community health initiatives that were either nearing the end of their funding cycles or ripe for renewal and growth: the Community Care Network Demonstration Program, the ACT National Results Network and the Coalition for Healthier Cities and Communities. These three programs have made complementary contributions to community health since the mid-1990s, focusing on topics such as:

  • Medical and preventive health care systems that ensure accessibility and meet local needs;
  • Carefully plan and measure progress toward defined community health goals and;
  • Broad community participation in solving systemic challenges to community health and social well-being.

The association took the key principles of each and combined them with additional components of effective community health practice to create a unified professional association with broad value as a center for networking and continuous learning. The Association for the Improvement of Community Health has hundreds of members from 47 states, the District of Columbia, and Canada.

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Cultural complementarity model

In 1993, the successful Greater Twin Cities United Way Committee on Cultural Dynamics developed and adopted a blueprint for new ways of thinking and discussing culture and race that individuals and organizations could use to rebuild relationships.

Cultural complementarity means that different people work together, valuing the qualities that this diversity brings to the group to achieve common goals that would be difficult to achieve with separate efforts. Working in a circle with a consensus process, believing that all cultures and people have different areas of excellence and different challenges that when brought together complement each other. The purpose of this model is to provide clarity and direction to efforts to achieve equality among people of color through the practice of "circular consensus" that employs the principles outlined below:

  • A breakdown of the rights and duties of all members.
  • A concept of "power with" that leverages personal and community empowerment, recognizing multiple values, participatory negotiation, solidarity and a spirit of collaboration.
  • An attitude of abundance, creativity, and the belief that unlimited collective power is shared, rather than a focus of scarcity of power and resources.
  • A positive integrative approach to communication that eliminates dualistic thinking.
  • A celebration of differences that develops from dialogue and continuous exchange between the participants.
  • An experiential/active learning exchange based on personal experience that supports the premise that knowledge is a continuous and continuous process.
  • Share evenly when creating future promotions.
  • Working collectively to eradicate racism, believing that racism arises from fundamental illusions about human worth.

main features

Next:Colored and Native American populations



How do you build relationships in your community? ›

5 Ways to Build Positive Relationships in the Community
  1. Network as Much as Possible. Establish a plan to get out and meet people. ...
  2. Volunteer. When you commit to helping those in need, you also meet people in your community. ...
  3. Raise Money for Charities. ...
  4. Utilize Social Media. ...
  5. Follow Up on Commitments.
Aug 31, 2020

What is an example of a community relationship? ›

An example is the relationship between parasitic round worms and human hosts. Predation is a community relationship in which an organism of one species — called the predator — consumes tissues of an organism in another species, called the prey. An example is snake predators that consume prey animals such as lizards.

What are two skills for healthy community relationships? ›

Relationship skills include abilities such as: Listening actively, communicating effectively, and self-advocating. Developing mutually healthy and productive relationships. Making and maintaining trusting, respectful friendships.

Why we need to build a good relationship in a community? ›

Building and sustaining relationships are at the heart of organizing communities. The strength of community lies in the strength of the connections that we have with each other. With strong connections, people have the power to make real change. Building these connections takes time; but it is worth it.

What are the 5 types of community relationships? ›

Overview of competition, predation, herbivory, mutualism, commensalism, and parasitism.

How to answer the interview question how do you build relationships? ›

How to Answer the Interview Question: "How Do You Build Relationships?"
  1. 1 “I believe positivity is the key to building connections.”
  2. 2 “My integrity helps me form strong relationships.”
  3. 3 “I build relationships by proactively helping others.”
  4. 4 “I grow my network by always delivering.”

What are the three types of community relationships? ›

There are three major types of community relationships: symbiosis, predation, and competition.

What are five community engagement examples? ›

The answer to “what is community engagement?” includes activism, volunteer work, community gardening, tutoring, donating blood, environmentalism and a whole lot more. There are virtually limitless forms of community engagement!

What are the 3 C's of healthy relationship skills? ›

Relationship dynamics will go up and down based on communication, compromise and commitment, the 3C's.

What are the four 4 qualities of a healthy relationship? ›

Healthy relationships involve honesty, trust, respect and open communication between partners and they take effort and compromise from both people.

What are the 3 three important qualities of a healthy relationship? ›

Valuing who the other person is and understanding each other's boundaries. Trust. Feeling confident that both people can rely on the other to be honest and have each other's back. Honesty.

How do we maintain good relationship with the community? ›

Go to the community, establish relationships, build trust, work with the formal and informal leadership, and seek commitment from community organizations and leaders to create processes for mobilizing the community. Engagement is based on community support.

What are the 4 principles of relationships? ›

"Relationships are based on four principles: respect, understanding, acceptance and appreciation." - Mahatma Gandhi (10/02/1869 - 01/30/1948).

Which are the 5 most important characteristics of a community? ›

Here are five key grounds upon which communities tend to form (and why others may be motivated to join said communities; Perkins, 2015).
  • Shared identity. It is common for communities to form among those who share a common sense of identity. ...
  • Shared purpose. ...
  • Common objectives. ...
  • Shared interests or passions. ...
  • Common Behavior.
Nov 25, 2016

How do you explain relationship building? ›

Relationship Building is working to build or maintain ethical relationships or networks or contacts with people who are, or may be, potentially helpful in achieving work-related goals and establishing advantages. This could be people inside or outside the organization, stakeholders, clients, colleagues or others.

How do you describe relationship building skills? ›

Relationship-building skills are a combination of soft skills that a person applies to connect with others and form positive relationships. In the workplace, relationship-building skills are essential for getting along with coworkers, contributing to a team and building an understanding between yourself and others.

What are the 4 kinds of community interactions? ›

The four primary types of interaction among community members are competition, predation and parasitism, mutualism, and commensalism.

What defines community relationship? ›

community relations. noun [ plural ] SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY. the relationship that a company, organization, etc. has with the people who live in the area in which it operates: "Great community relations are part of the team's marketing plan," Carter said.

What are the three 3 common elements of community development? ›

To create jobs and increase the standard of living, communities should focus on the links between three key aspects of development: economic, community and leadership.

What are the 5 C's of a successful community engagement? ›

Strategic Factors for Building Community: The Five C's Community, Connections, Control, Cash, & Collective Action.

What are the six C's of successful community engagement? ›

The Six C's include: increased and strategic communications, strategic engagement with community based organizations, increased outreach to community colleges and transfer students, enhanced partnerships with pre-college programs including camps and competitions, outreach to churches and faith based organizations, and ...

What are the four R's of community engagement? ›

Four main principles (the “four R's”) evolved from the discussions with team members and the community that influenced this trust: reciprocity, relatability, relationships and respect.

What are the eight 8 examples of community engagement? ›

Community Engagement Models
  • Community Building. Under this model, students conduct research to assess or meet community needs. ...
  • Community Education. ...
  • Community Organizing. ...
  • Deliberative Dialogue. ...
  • Direct Service (People) ...
  • Direct Service (Product) ...
  • Economic Development. ...
  • Engaged Research.

What are the common problem in a community? ›

Example Community Problems: Adolescent pregnancy, access to clean drinking water, child abuse and neglect, crime, domestic violence, drug use, pollution, mismanagement of resources, lack of funding for schools and services, ethnic conflict, health disparities, HIV/ AIDS, hunger, inadequate emergency services, ...

What are the three A's of a good relationship? ›

The three A's for increasing relationship happiness include expressing appreciation, admiration, and affection. Consistency in conveying these will increase your individual and your relationship happiness.

What are the 6 components of relationship skills *? ›

This includes communicating clearly, listening actively, cooperating, resisting inappropriate social pressure, negotiating conflict constructively, and seeking and offering help when needed. Relationship skills are critical to success in life and work.

What are the building blocks of a healthy relationship? ›

Trusting one another, committing fully to the relationship, being intimate by showing vulnerability, having mutual respect, being able to communicate the good and bad, feeling empathy, and having equality by not overshadowing each other builds a great relationship.

What are the 4 A's in a relationship? ›

The Five A's can guide healthy people into reciprocal adult relationships. Applying the principles of attention, acceptance, appreciation, affection and allowing can upgrade your participation in any relationship.

What are 7 signs of a healthy relationship? ›

7 Signs of a Healthy Relationship
  • Knowing each other well. ...
  • Working to like each other. ...
  • Acknowledging and reassuring each other. ...
  • Taking spouse's opinions into account. ...
  • Solving solvable problems. ...
  • Accepting irresolvable/perpetual conflicts. ...
  • Having shared meaning.

What's the 3 most important things in a relationship? ›

All healthy relationships share the following three core components: Mutual respect. Mutual trust. Mutual affection.

What are 5 or more characteristics of healthy relationships? ›

Characteristics of healthy relationships include trust, openness, honesty, respect, affection, communication, and mutual give-and-take.

What are the five essential keys to become responsible in a relationship? ›

To help better understand, we have condensed the keys into five main topics – positivity, empathy, commitment, acceptance, and mutual love and respect. These five topics are further emphasized by proper and continuous communication.

What makes relationship successful? ›

A 'good relationship' means different things to different people. However, good adult relationships generally involve 2 people who respect and can communicate with each other, and have equal rights, opportunities and responsibilities.

What are the keys to build community? ›

How to Build a Meaningful (and Massive) Community, From Someone Who's Done it Twice
  • Find Ways to Support & Celebrate Your Organic Ambassadors. ...
  • Bring Your Followers Into the Business-Building Process. ...
  • Encourage Connections Within Your Community. ...
  • Stay Guided by Your Why.
Jan 5, 2022

What are the 3 most important factors for community success? ›

a sense of ownership. the level of trust. recognition for contributions. high expectations for value creation.

What are 3 appropriate ways to initiate relationship? ›

Starting a Relationship 101
  • Don't be afraid to be vulnerable. When starting a relationship, it's easy to put up our guard in hopes we won't get hurt. ...
  • Avoid Game Playing. ...
  • Don't Listen to Your Inner Critic. ...
  • Think About What You're Really Attracted To. ...
  • Ask if He or She Has the Qualities of an Ideal Partner.

How do you build positive relationships with community partners? ›

Create a long list of potential partners and prioritize getting to know each other. Read their websites and materials and have lots of conversations. The best partnerships don't just include groups and members that all think alike — rather, they bring together members with very different strengths and ideas.

What is another word for building relationships? ›

What's another word for relationship building? The other words related to relationship building are affiliation, agreement, association, bond, liaison, union, link, correlation, tie, blending, coming together, unification, merger, amalgamation, coalition, and grouping.

How do you build relationships and community in the classroom? ›

6 Easy Ways to Build Relationships with Your Students
  1. Spend 1-On-1 Time with a Student. ...
  2. Look for Something to Comment On. ...
  3. Develop an Interest in Their Interests. ...
  4. Share Your Stories. ...
  5. Have a Sense of Humor. ...
  6. Attend Student Events.

How do you build a healthy relationship with society? ›

Try these tips to help you stay close to your family, friends and fellow service members.
  1. Make Yourself Available. Building close relationships take time. ...
  2. Stay Connected. ...
  3. Attend Social Activities. ...
  4. Develop Your Communication Skills. ...
  5. Build Trust. ...
  6. Show Up for Others.

What are 5 ways to build a positive relationship? ›

Five ways to build strong relationships
  • Have open and honest communications. Good relationships rely on good communication, whether it's face-to-face, on the telephone or email. ...
  • Develop people skills. This means your ability to relate to others. ...
  • Respect and appreciate others. ...
  • Accept support and be supportive. ...
  • Be positive.

What are the key features of a successful community partnership? ›

Three key values emerged as crucial to the success of collective action. Coaches pointed to respect, trust, and vulnerability as the critical ingredients in effective community partnerships.

What is an example of community building? ›

Examples of community buildings:
  • village halls.
  • town halls.
  • churches.
  • mosques.
  • synagogues.
  • cathedrals.

How do you build a community? ›

How to Build a Meaningful (and Massive) Community, From Someone Who's Done it Twice
  1. Find Ways to Support & Celebrate Your Organic Ambassadors. ...
  2. Bring Your Followers Into the Business-Building Process. ...
  3. Encourage Connections Within Your Community. ...
  4. Stay Guided by Your Why.
Jan 5, 2022

What are community building activities? ›

Community building activities are events and exercises that promote camaraderie and fellowship and between like minded individuals. For example, volunteering, newsletters, and group game nights.

What are the 7 ways to build family relationships? ›

How to Improve Family Relationships and Strengthen Bonds
  • Plan quality time. Consider quality vs. ...
  • Prioritize family dinners. ...
  • Organize game night. ...
  • Make chores a family activity. ...
  • Make room for alone time. ...
  • Get exposure to other families. ...
  • Make sure all family members are heard.
May 2, 2022

How do you build a healthy relationship with friends and family? ›

Healthy relationships are commonly based on:
  1. respect.
  2. trust.
  3. open communication.
  4. equality.
  5. both shared and individual interests.
  6. understanding.
  7. honesty.
  8. care.

How do you build positive and collaborative relationships with families? ›

Build Relationships with Families
  1. Communicate with families often. ...
  2. Communicate the positive and the negative. ...
  3. Foster two-way communication. ...
  4. Use multiple modes communication. ...
  5. Understand each family's expectations and views about their involvement. ...
  6. Approach the relationship with respect.

What factors are needed to build a healthy relationship? ›

They include:
  • Mutual respect. Respect means that each person values who the other is and understands the other person's boundaries.
  • Trust. Partners should place trust in each other and give each other the benefit of the doubt.
  • Honesty. ...
  • Compromise. ...
  • Individuality. ...
  • Good communication. ...
  • Anger control. ...
  • Fighting fair.


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